References

Do you want your research here? Give me a shout and I’ll take a gander!

Concepts in the Wild Diet system are tough to swallow; they fly in the face of what you’re used to hearing from “conventional wisdom.” But I’m a research fiend, and what I found changed my life, my health, and made me want to share it with you.

Here are a few of the articles, research papers and books that changed my point of view. Feel free to chew on them…

Does a High Fat Diet Really Help Me Lose Fat?

Fats and Oils and Their Impact on Health

What if It’s All Been a Big Fat Lie?

But I Thought Grains Were Healthy! How Can They Be Bad for Me?

Type 1 Diabetes Linked To Immune Response To Wheat

Why We Get Fat: And What to Do About It (book)

Good Calories, Bad Calories (book)

Wait, Work Out LESS for More Fat Loss/Muscle Gain?

 How 1-Minute Intervals Can Improve Your Health

Effect of high-intensity interval training on cardiovascular function, VO(2)max, and muscular force.

Sugar Can’t Be That Bad, Can It?

Role of sugars in human neutrophilic phagocytosis

Twenty-four-hour endocrine and metabolic profiles following consumption of high-fructose corn syrup-, sucrose-, fructose-, and glucose-sweetened beverages with meals.

Eating Like Our Ancestors…Does it Really Work?

Metabolic and physiologic improvements from consuming a paleolithic, hunter-gatherer type diet.

Beneficial effects of a Paleolithic diet on cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes: a randomized cross-over pilot study.

Benefits of Intermittent Fasting

Halberg N, Henriksen M, Söderhamn N, Stallknecht B, Ploug T, Schjerling P, Dela F.Effect of< intermittent fasting and refeeding on insulin action in healthy men. J Appl Physiol. 2005 Dec;99(6):2128-36. Epub 2005 Jul 28. Martin B, Mattson MP, Maudsley S. Caloric restriction and intermittent fasting: two potential diets for successful brain aging. Ageing Res Rev. 2006 Aug;5(3):332-53. Epub 2006 Aug 8. Mattson MP, Wan R. Beneficial effects of intermittent fasting and caloric restriction on the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems. J Nutr Biochem. 2005 Mar;16(3):129-37. Varady KA, Hellerstein MK. Alternate-day fasting and chronic disease prevention: a review of human and animal trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jul;86(1):7-13. McCarty MF, Falahati-Nini A.Neuroprotective potential of the Bahadori leanness program: a "minifast with exercise" strategy. Med Hypotheses. 2007;68(5):935-40. Epub 2006 Dec 13. Anson RM, Guo Z, de Cabo R, Iyun T, Rios M, Hagepanos A, Ingram DK, Lane MA, Mattson MP. Intermittent fasting dissociates beneficial effects of dietary restriction on glucose metabolism and neuronal resistance to injury from calorie intake. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 May 13;100(10):6216-20. Epub 2003 Apr 30. Johnson JB, Laub DR, John S.The effect on health of alternate day calorie restriction: eating less and more than needed on alternate days prolongs life.Med Hypotheses. 2006;67(2):209-11. Epub 2006 Mar 10. Johnson JB, Summer W, Cutler RG, Martin B, Hyun DH, Dixit VD, Pearson M, Nassar M, Telljohann R, Maudsley S, Carlson O, John S, Laub DR, Mattson MP. Alternate day calorie restriction improves clinical findings and reduces markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in overweight adults with moderate asthma. Free Radic Biol Med. 2007 Mar 1;42(5):665-74. Epub 2006 Dec 14.

Meal Frequency

Verboeket-van de Venne WP, Westerterp KR, Kester AD. Effect of the pattern of food intake on
human energy metabolism. Br J Nutr. 1993 Jul;70(1):103-15

Bellisle F. Impact of the daily meal pattern on energy balance Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition,
Volume 48, Number 3, October 2004, pp. 114-118(5)

Taylor MA , Garrow JS. Compared with nibbling, neither gorging nor a morning fast affect short-term
energy balance in obese patients ina chamber calorimeter. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001
Apr;25(4):519-28.

Bellisle F et al. Meal frequency and energy balance. Br J Nutr. 1997 Apr;77 Suppl 1:S57-70.
Jones PJ et al. Meal frequency influences circulating hormone levels but not lipogenesis rates in
humans. Metabolism. 1995 Feb;44(2):218-23.

Westerterp KR et al. Influence of the feeding frequency on nutrient utilization in man: consequences
for energy metabolism. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1991 Mar;45(3):161-9

Fasting and Metabolic Rate

Zauner C, Schneeweiss B, Kranz A, Madl C, Ratheiser K, Kramer L, Roth E, Schneider B, Lenz K. Resting
energy expenditure in short-term starvation is increased as a result of an increase in serum
norepinephrine. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Jun;71(6):1511-5.

Webber J, Macdonald IA. The cardiovascular, metabolic and hormonal changes accompanying acute
starvation in men and women. British journal of nutrition 1994; 71:437-447.

Protein Absorption

Boirie, Y. et. al. Slow and fast dietary proteins differently modulate postprandial protein accretion.
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA (1997) 94: 14930-14935.

Capaldo, B et. al. Splanchnic and leg substrate exchange after ingestion of a natural mixed meal in
humans. Diabetes (1999) 48: 958-966.

Anticatabolic Mechanisms of Fasting

Nørrelund H, Nair KS, Jørgensen JO, Christiansen JS, Møller N. Diabetes. The protein-retaining effects
of growth hormone during fasting involve inhibition of muscle-protein breakdown. 2001
Jan;50(1):96-104.

Larsen AE, Tunstall RJ, Carey KA, Nicholas G, Kambadur R, Crowe TC, Cameron-Smith D. Actions of
short-term fasting on human skeletal muscle myogenic and atrogenic gene expression.Ann Nutr
Metab. 2006;50(5):476-81. Epub 2006 Aug 24.

Additional Fasting Resources

Anson RM, et al. Intermittent fasting dissociates beneficial effects of dietary restriction on glucose metabolism and neuronal resistance to injury from calorie intake. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 May 13;100(10):6216-20.

Carlson O et al.Impact of Reduced Meal Frequency Without Caloric Restriction on Glucose Regulation in Healthy, Normal Weight Middle-Aged Men and Women. Metabolism. 2007 December; 56(12): 1729–1734.

Johnson JB et al. The effect on health of alternate day calorie restriction: eating less and more than needed on alternate days prolongs life.< Med Hypotheses 2006; 67(2):209-11 Camandola S et al. Intermittent food deprivation improves cardiovascular and neuroendocrine responses to stress in rats. J Nutr. 2003 Jun;133(6) :1921-9 Kozubík A, Pospísil M. Protective effect of intermittent fasting on the mortality of gamma-irradiated mice. Strahlentherapie. 1982 Dec;158(12) :734-8.; Johnson JB et al. Alternate day calorie restriction improves clinical findings and reduces markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in overweight adults with moderate asthma. Free Radic Biol Med. 2007 Mar 1;42(5):665-74 Varady KA et al. Modified alternate-day fasting regimens reduce cell proliferation rates to a similar extent as daily calorie restriction in mice. FASEB J. 2008 Jun;22(6):2090-6 Moosavi SA et al. Evaluation of the effect of Islamic fasting on lung volumes and capacities in the healthy persons. Saudi Med J. 2007 Nov;28(11):1666-70 Aksungar FB et al. Interleukin-6, C-reactive protein and biochemical parameters during prolonged intermittent fasting. Ann Nutr Metab. 2007; 51(1):88-95 Martin B, Mattson MP, Maudsley S. Caloric restriction and intermittent fasting: two potential diets for successful brain aging. Ageing Res Rev. 2006 Aug;5(3):332-53 Jones PJ et al. Meal frequency influences circulating hormone levels but not lipogenesis rates in humans. Metabolism. 1995 Feb; 44(2): 218-23 Chakravarthy M, Booth F. Eating, exercise, and “thrifty” genotypes: connecting the dots toward an evolutionary understanding of modern chronic diseases. J Appl Physiol 96: 3-10, 2004 Halagappa VK et al. Intermittent fasting and caloric restriction ameliorate age-related behavioral deficits in the triple-transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Neurobiol Dis. 2007 Apr;26(1):212-20 Katare RG et al. Chronic intermittent fasting improves the survival following large myocardial ischemia by activation of BDNF/VEGF/PI3K signaling pathway. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2009 Mar;46(3):405-1 Stote KS et al. A controlled trial of reduced meal frequency without caloric restriction in healthy, normal-weight, middle-aged adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 85, No. 4, 981-988, April 2007 Verboeket-van de Venne WP, Westerterp KR. Influence of the feeding frequency on nutrient utilization in man: consequences for energy metabolism. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1991 Mar;45(3):161-9. S. Klein et al. Importance of blood glucose concentration in regulating lipolysis during fasting in humans. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 258: E32-E39, 1990 Yang S. Fasting every other day, while cutting few calories, may reduce cancer risk. Univ of California release, 2005-03-14 Bellisle F et al. Impact of the daily meal pattern on energy balance. Journal of Nutrition, Oct 2004 Bellisle F et al. Meal frequency and energy balance<. Br J Nutr. 1997 Apr;77 Suppl 1:S57-70. Kirchgessner W et al. Thermogenesis in humans after varying meal time frequency. Ann Nutr Metab. 1987;31(2):88-97. Taylor MA et al. Compared with nibbling, neither gorging nor a morning fast affect short-term energy balance in obese patients in a chamber calorimeter. International Journal of Obesity (2001) 25, 519-528 Cameron JD et al. Increased meal frequency does not promote greater weight loss in subjects who were prescribed an 8-week equi-energetic energy-restricted diet. Br J Nutr. 2009 Nov 30:1-4. Johhson JB. The effect on health of alternate day calorie restriction: eating less and more than needed on alternate days prolongs life. Med Hypotheses. 2006;67(2):209-11. Mattson M. Dietary factors, hormesis and health. Ageing Res Rev. 2008 Jan;7(1):43-8. Anson RM el al, Intermittent fasting dissociates beneficial effects of dietary restriction on glucose metabolism and neuronal resistance to injury from calorie intake. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A (2003) 100: 6216-20. Johnson JB et al. Alternate day calorie restriction improves clinical findings and reduces markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in overweight adults with moderate asthma. Free Radic Biol Med. 2007 Mar 1

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